Plant mineral nutrition. Assimilation of inorganic nutrients. Transport phenomena in plant. Seed physiology and plant reproduction. Plant development and plant growth analysis. Molecular and Biotechnological methods of pest management. Genomics and characterisation of whole genomes; genetic mapping techniques; mutations and their consequences on phenotypes; Traditional and modern plant breeding techniques; Biometrical genetics; Quantitative trait loci; Genetic variation and molecular biology underlying key traits; maintenance, selection and use of germplasm resources; biochemical and molecular techniques used in breeding program.