Botany and Eco-geography: Grass families and botany; Species and cultivars; Turf species: advantages and disadvantages; Turf reproduction and propagation; Climatic and soil requirements. Turf Establishment: Planning and setting-up green lawn; Soil preparation; Lawn from seeds and re-seeding; Lawn from sod. Turf irrigation and fertilisation: Calculations on water and nutrient requirements; Slow-release fertilisers. Environmental aspects: Carbon Sequestration. Sustainable fertilization of Turf. Mowing and Maintenance: Height of cut; machinery, type of mowers. Pests and diseases: Pest Management for turfgrass; Diseases problems in lawn; Invasive species. Weed control: Prevention strategies in weed management. Cultural weed management. Specific problems in turf management: Thatch control and management; Turf aeration; Options to correct lawn problems. Turf quality: Grass aesthetics; colour diversity; Rating lawn's condition; Assessing a lawn's design. Golf-courses: Philosophy and history; Planning - Site layout and Guidelines to establish a golf- course.